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Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

5 edition of Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere (NATO Science Series C:) found in the catalog.

Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere (NATO Science Series C:)

  • 184 Want to read
  • 9 Currently reading

Published by Springer .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Oceanography (seas),
  • Science,
  • Earth Sciences - Oceanography,
  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Earth Sciences - Geology,
  • Science / Geology,
  • Science / Oceanography,
  • Science-Earth Sciences - Oceanography,
  • Congresses,
  • Ocean circulation,
  • Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsJ. Willebrand (Editor), D.L.T. Anderson (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages396
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9096601M
    ISBN 109027723532
    ISBN 109789027723536

    Significant progress has been made in the development of limited-area coastal-circulation models. The state of the science has progressed to the point where programs to develop and validate a predictive system for the U.S. coastal ocean are being proposed (Joint Oceanographic, Inc., ). Introduction to Atmosphere – Ocean Interactions • Atmospheric composition Transport across tropopause via large scale ascent in the tropics / descent in the poles, cloud convection, or tropopause folding 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Temperature (oK Biological processes Sunlight is a powerful.

      Abstract The hydroclimatology of tropical South America is strongly coupled to low-frequency large-scale oceanicand atmospheric phenomena occurring over the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans. Feedbacks between Hydrological Processes in Tropical South America and Large-Scale Ocean–Atmospheric Phenomena Evidence is also presented to show Cited by: The Ocean-Atmosphere System The oceans and the atmosphere are the two large reservoirs of water in the Earth's hydrologic cycle. The two systems are complexly linked to one another and are responsible for Earth's weather and climate. The oceans help to regulate temperature in the lower part of the atmosphere.

    the interaction of ground water and surface water in a unified way, a conceptual landscape is used (Figure 2). The conceptual landscape shows in a very general and simplified way the interaction of ground water with all types of surface water, such as streams, lakes, and wetlands, in many different terrains from the mountains to the oceans. The. Now, but subtracting the atmospheric contribution from the total transport we can estimate the ocean heat transport as a residual. At about 30 degrees of latitude, the contributions by the atmosphere and the ocean are approximately equal. Poleward of this latitude, the atmosphere dominates the heat transport.


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Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere (NATO Science Series C:) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere. Editors: Willebrand, J., Anderson, D.L.T. (Eds.) Free Preview. The objectives of WCRP are to determine the extent to which climate change can be predicted, and the extent to which human activities (such as increasing the level of CO) can influence our climate.

2 To understand and possibly to predict climate change, one needs a good understanding of the dynamics of the ocean, the atmosphere, and the processes by which they are coupled. Get this from a library. Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere. [J Willebrand; D L T Anderson] -- One of the major experiments in earth science at the present time is about to begin: the World Climate Research Program (WCRP).

The objectives of. NATO Advanced Study Institute on Large-Scale Transport Processes in Oceans and Atmosphere ( Les Houches, Haute-Savoie, France). Large-scale transport processes in oceans and atmosphere. Dordrecht ; Boston: D.

Reidel Pub. ; Norwell, MA, U.S.A.: Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers, © "The large-scale circulation in the atmosphere-ocean system is maintained by small scale turbulent motions that interact with large scale radiative processes.

The first half of the book introduces the basic theories off large-scale atmosphere-ocean flows and of small-scale turbulent by: The atmosphere is considerably thinner in its vertical extent (scale height 7 km) than in its horizontal extent. The largest scales of motion are in the horizontal direction and form the basis for the general circulation of the atmosphere.

We will concern ourselves first with these horizontal motions. This book describes a recent effort combining the expertise of applied mathematicians with meteorologists and physical oceanographers within the collaborative research center (CRC) Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (TRR ) funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.

3 Variability of the Large-Scale Ocean Circulation. 4 Mesoscale Eddies and Fronts. 5 Summary and Outlook. Acknowledgments. References. Part III: Ocean Processes. Part III: Ocean Processes. Chapter 5. Exchanges Through the Ocean Surface. Abstract. 1 Introduction. 2 Air–Sea Exchange Formulae and Climatological Fields.

3 Measurement Techniques. The Atmosphere and Ocean is a fully revised and updated student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now in its Third Edition, the book continues to provide students with an accessible description of the atmosphere and ocean with emphasis on their physical properties and inter-dependence.

In terms of physical processes, Re represents the ratio of the magnitude of inertial forces to the magnitude of viscous forces. Consider a cumulonimbus cloud, such as that shown in Fig. The largest scale (referred to as the large eddy scale) is roughly the cloud size, which is of order 10 km.

Atmospheric processes play the lead role in determining such fundamental properties of climate as the disposition of incoming solar radiation, temperatures at the Earth's surface, the spatial distribution of water in the terrestrial biosphere, and the distribution of nutrients in the euphotic zone of the ocean.

The Eighty-Second National Meeting of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, from August 29 through September 1,had as one of its themes the topic of transport processes. One of the sessions related to this theme was "Transport Processes in the Oceans" chaired by R.

Shaw and R. Gibbs. CHAPTER 4. ATMOSPHERIC TRANSPORT We saw in chapter 3 that air motions play a key role in determining the distributions of chemical species in the atmosphere. These motions are determined by three principal forces: gravity, pressure-gradient, and Coriolis.

We previously saw in chapter 2 that the vertical distribution of mass in the atmosphere isFile Size: KB. A sudden rainstorm that occurred in the northeast Sichuan Basin of China in early May was associated with a southwest low-level jet (SWLJ) and a mountainous low-level jet (MLLJ).

This study investigates the impact of the double low-level jets (LLJs) on rainfall diurnal variation by using the data from ERA5 reanalysis, and explores the characteristics of water vapor transport, including Cited by: 2. The Atmosphere and Ocean is a fully revised and updated student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean.

Now in its Third Edition, the book continues to provide students with an accessible description of the atmosphere and ocean with emphasis on their physical properties and inter-dependence.

Clearly structured throughout, the book demonstrates that the atmosphere and ocean /5(7). ocean, thus modulating the course of climate change. Anthropogenic warming, in turn, can influence global ocean circulation through enhancing ocean stratification by warming and freshening the high latitude upper oceans, rendering it an integral part in understanding and predicting climate over the 21st century.

The interactions between the MOC File Size: KB. Ocean Circulation in Three Dimensions surveys both observations and theories of the time-mean circulation, enabling readers to see the relevance and limitations of leading theories, as well as the patterns linking the behavior of different oceans.

The book covers “classical” topics of horizontal circulation, and expands them to include Author: Barry A. Klinger, Thomas W.

Haine. and Ragone,). The ocean and atmosphere transport the excess of energy from the tropics to high latitudes so that the horizontal divergence of the large-scale transport performed by the geophysical fluids on the average balances out the ra-diative imbalances at the top of the atmosphere.

The oceanic and atmospheric transports result from theCited by: 5. Atmosphere (ISSN ) is an international and cross-disciplinary scholarly journal of scientific studies related to the atmosphere.

It publishes reviews, regular research papers, communications and short notes, and there is no restriction on the length of the papers. Inverse Problems in Atmospheric Constituent Transport is the first book to give comprehensive coverage of work on this topic.

The trace gas inversion problem is presented in general terms and the various different approaches are unified by treating the inversion problem as one of statistical estimation. Large scale atmospheric dynamics and transport - Global circulation of the troposphere and stratosphere, including time variability, wave motions (from small-scale gravity waves to large-scale planetary waves and equatorial waves) and their effect on the radiation balance, large scale transport and mixing processes in the free troposphere and.Ocean circulation in the north Pacific Ocean reflects large-scale air movements in the atmosphere, specifically those relating to 2 major atmospheric pressure cells: the North Pacific High and the Aleutian Low.atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased from about per-cent to its present value.

Carbon dioxide is also cycled between the atmosphere, the oceans, living organisms, and Earth’s rocks. The recent increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide is due pri-marily to the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas.